Seminario de Investigación "Authoritarian Policies, Trust and Public Service Utilization: Evidence from a Forced Sterilization Program in Perú"

El seminario destinado a docentes, investigadores, becarios y estudiantes interesados en la temática, se realizó el viernes 18 de marzo a las 12:30 horas por videoconferencia. La presentación estuvo a cargo de Gianmarco León (UPF).

Gianmarco León es Profesor Asociado en la Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Profesor Afiliado en Barcelona School of Economics y el Institute of Political Economy and Governance (IPEG) e Investigador Afiliado del Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) y del Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD). Tiene un PhD en Economía por la University of California-Berkeley y sus investigaciones se centran en temas de desarrollo, economía política y economía organizacional.  También es Editor Asociado en The Economic Journal y sus trabajos han sido publicados en revistas académicas como AEJ- Applied, REStat, JPE, JEEA, entre otras.

Abstract: More than 300,000 Peruvian women were sterilized between 1996 and 2000, under an authoritarian regime. Many of them were sterilized without consent, provided with limited information on the procedure, or pressured into undergoing the surgical intervention. We investigate changes in health-seeking behavior, health outcomes, electoral results and trust in governmental institutions following the sterilization campaign disclosure in 2001. We use novel data from the recently established registry of campaign victims to measure campaign intensity at the district-level. Using a difference-in-difference strategy which compares the behavior in districts with campaign victims and without before and after the disclosure, we find that women are less likely to use any contraceptive methods and to seek any prenatal or delivery care. Similarly, their children have a higher probability of being sick and not receiving any health care. People show lower levels of trust towards governmental institutions and vote shares for Fujimori's party decrease. Our results show how public policies implemented under authoritarian rule can have the opposite effects than intended due to behavioral responses in the population.

Autores: Fernando Fernández (Universidad de Piura), Gianmarco León (UPF) y Dijana Zejcirovic (Universidad de Viena)

Organizó: Departamento de Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Revista Económica

Contacto: iie@econo.unlp.edu.ar

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